Critical from the Outset
Consideration of health and safety information requirements is critical from the outset of a project. The Construction (Design and Management) Regulations 2015 place duties on clients, principal designers, designers, principal contractors and contractors to share and use health and safety information.
According to Stephen Coppin, associate technical director at Arcadis, there is great opportunity to use BIM to support the delivery of health and safety compliance and improvement. Key ways this can be achieved are:
- 3D models in the design phase to provide visual pictures and animations.
- 4D animations which show construction over time.
- The development of an effective and integrated Common Data Environment.
Integration for Efficiency
BIM 4 Health and Safety
- Key principles include:
- Focus on the end result and what you want to achieve – make the EIR clear and effective.
- Incorporate the CDM Health and Safety File into the common data environment to ensure that pertinent health and safety information is retained effectively.
- Establish the common data environment early and clarify within the EIR how health and safety information will be stored and shared throughout the project lifecycle.
- Be clear on the data that should be recorded, shared and archived.
A pdf version of the guide is available through a link from the UK BIM Alliance newsletter.
- HSE Seeks Clients
The HSE is now looking for clients to showcase the utilisation of H&S in a digital form such as through BIM, in line with PAS 1192, particularly Part 6, which was published this year and deals with health & safety.
- Important Aim
A particular aim is to assist principal designers and designers to comply with their legal duties on their projects. The guide is endorsed by UK BIM Alliance and gained further interest from the Network Rail BIM Steering Group and UK Gov BIM L2 Working Group.
- 10 Key Questions
The guide has 10 key questions for clients on what health and safety information to specify in an EIR template. These are as follows:
- What early project decisions will have health and safety implications for the operation and end use of the asset?
- Can the Common Data Environment (CDE) for this project enable health and safety information to be captured, stored and retrieved as needed at every stage of the project lifecycle and affect parties beyond the project?
- Has the relevant and good quality health and safety information (PCI) been provided to the design team?
- Have you specified reviews at key stages to enable collaborative working and feedback on risk management?
- What are the design risk objectives?
- Has a design plan been requested, inclusive of a collaborative design risk management plan?
- Has it been requested that models produced by the different design disciplines are capable of effective federation and that health and safety information can be conserved for re-use?
- What are the arrangements that will be put in place at the outset to ensure testing and commissioning is carried out effectively?
- What are the arrangements that will be put in place at the outset to ensure that information in a Health and Safety File is made available to the end user?
- How will the Client be able to ensure that lessons are learnt from this project experience, in relation to health and safety?
- Presentation Pack
- The HSE BIM Working Group through Roy Marshall of TfL and support from Steve Coppin have developed a presentation pack of the guidance to use via workshops to educate and assist clients and their project managers.
- Build Off-Site for H&S
The more the industry moves to Off-Site, with factory made components and assemblies, the safer it will become. Our off-site solutions centred around timber can help your H&S during the construction process. Furthermore, timber is now making strong progress that to become the material of choice for designers, engineers and developers.
- Off-Site DfMA
These challenges further emphasise the role for Off-Site DfMA (Design for Manufacture & Assembly). They also point up the need for greater collaborative ‘partnering’ between architects, builders and manufacturers. The greater speed, accuracy and quality that can result from manufacturing components in a dry, controlled factory environment gives builders a much better chance of achieving improved on-site build quality AND controlling costs.
- Resistance Disappearing
While resistance to the change to DfMA has been the norm, the wish of most UK Builders to deliver excellent customer service and top notch homes is now driving an increasing number to choose Off-Site for their developments. Also, as ‘OffSite Hub” note, architects and designers are moving toward DfMA, something we have been encouraging for over 20 years. The emergence of LA Developers will only speed up this process.
- Easy Timber Frame
To assist them in doing so our “Easy Timber Frame “ now offers standard size modular timber frame elements for them to use as a design base, cutting down on technical design and engineering to produce win-win results.
- Better all-round Savings
- Our specialist services and CUSTOM homes division deliver best value and protect the interests of land owners, house-builder developers, professionals and private individuals seeking to build their dream home. Our off-site construction systems also reduce the amount of material that gets wasted on site, helping to avoid land fill, hazardous waste separation and handling, They also deliver better value for you and your customers.